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ISLAMIC SPAIN

ANDALUSI SOCIETY

THREE FAITHS, ONE LAND

ARTS & SCIENCE

TIMELINES

FILM & OUTREACH

FOR TEACHERS

Andalusi Society

In 711, the Islamic Empire reaches Spain, a land already rich in Christian Roman, Visigothic and Jewish cultures. Here, Muslim leaders begin laying the foundation for a new Islamic kingdom in Europe.

By 732, the Islamic Empire unites most of the peninsula, calling its new land Al-Andalus. Jews and Christians worship freely without fear of persecution, though they must pay a tax in exchange for this protection. Yet, in the decades to follow, Al-Andalus becomes an often turbulent melting pot of cultures and allegiances: Berbers, Arab Muslims, Christians, and Jews.

During this time, a prince named Abd al-Rahman flees a bloody coup of his royal family in the Islamic capital of Damascus, eventually to reach Al-Andalus. The son of a Amazigh (Berber) and an Arab, he is able to quell the tensions between these Muslim factions.

It is Prince Abd al-Rahman Iís reign that forever shapes the future of Al-Andalus, with the resurgence of music and the arts, revival of architecture, construction of a great mosque, and rebirth of a lively center of trade.

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