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ISLAMIC SPAIN

ANDALUSI SOCIETY

THREE FAITHS, ONE LAND

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Celebrations

Each Abrahamic faith observes a few major celebrations throughout the year. Both Judaism and Islam follow a lunar calendar for the timing of these celebrations. Some Christian feast days are also influenced by the lunar calendar.

Some key Jewish celebrations include: Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Passover, Shauvot, Sukkot, Chanukkah, Purim. These celebrations recall events in the dramatic history of the Jewish people.

Some key Christian celebrations include: Advent, Christmas, Lent, Good Friday, Easter, and Pentecost. These events mark only a few of the celebrations that commemorate events in the life of Jesus Christ.

Some key Islamic celebrations include: Ramadan and Eid al-Fitr; Hajj and Eid al-Adha. Ramadan is considered a holy month of fasting and is commanded in the Qur’an. Muslims abstain from eating or drinking from sunrise to sunset during that month. They also focus on forgiveness and on special prayers for that month.

The feast day that ends Ramadan is called Eid al-Fitr. The ritual journey, or pilgrimage, to Makkah called the Hajj and Eid al-Adha both commemorate events in the life of Abraham and his family.

There are fast days, when people deny themselves the ordinary necessities of life for a time of remembrance -- and feast days of thankfulness. Sharing food and other gifts with family, neighbors, and needy people are common ways to celebrate these days. People also attend special services of worship as part of these celebrations.

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DISCLAIMER: This purpose of this website is to provide supplemental information to the Cities of Light film and is not intended as a scholarly or academic resource. For scholars' sources, see the Recommended Readings section on this site. Articles reprinted from other sources reflect the views and opinions of the authors, and may not necessarily mirror those of UPF.